Title IX provides no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program activity receiving federal financial assistance.

Title IX applies at all elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities – public or private – that receive federal financial assistance. The protection includes all aspects of the educational programs and activities. It provides a means to combat sex discrimination, including gender based harassment, sexual harassment, and sexual violence.

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Gender Discrimination

  • Comparable Educational Opportunities
  • Including college and career preparatory programs
  • Right to Equal treatment
  • Academics
  • Extra circular activities
  • Financial Aid
  • Facilities
  • Housing
  • Admissions
  • Rights of pregnant and parenting students
  • Discipline
  • Grading
  • Vocational education
  • Employment
  • Athletics
  • Sexual and Gender Based Harassment
  • Bullying on based on gender/sex stereotypes

Sexual Harassment

The Supreme Court established that Title IX sexual harassment liability required a showing that a school official who, at a minimum, had the authority to address the alleged discrimination and to institute corrective measures, had actual knowledge of the alleged discrimination and responded with deliberate indifference. In Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School Dist., 524 U.S. 274, 118 S. Ct. 1989, 141 L. Ed. 2d 277, 125 Ed. Law Rep. 1055, 158 A.L.R. Fed. 751 (1998)

  • Teacher on student sex abuse
  • Student on student sex abuse

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